The generation and control of quantum correlations in high-dimensional systems is a major challenge in the present landscape of quantum technologies. Achieving such non-classical high-dimensional resources will potentially unlock enhanced capabilities for quantum cryptography, communication and computation. We propose a protocol that is able to attain entangled states of d-dimensional systems through a quantum-walk-based transfer & accumulate mechanism involving coin and walker degrees of freedom. The choice of investigating quantum walks is motivated by their generality and versatility, complemented by their successful implementation in several physical systems. Hence, given the cross-cutting role of quantum walks across quantum information, our protocol potentially represents a versatile general tool to control high-dimensional entanglement generation in various experimental platforms. In particular, we illustrate a possible photonic implementation where the information is encoded in the orbital angular momentum and polarization degrees of freedom of single photons.
Entanglement transfer, accumulation and retrieval via quantum-walk-based qubit–qudit dynamics, Taira Giordani, Luca Innocenti, Alessia Suprano, Emanuele Polino, Mauro Paternostro, Nicolò Spagnolo, Fabio Sciarrino, and Alessandro Ferraro, 2021 New J. Phys. 23 023012.