Calibration of Quantum Sensors by Neural Networks

Introducing quantum sensors as a solution to real world problems demands reliability and controllability outside of laboratory conditions. Producers and operators ought to be assumed to have limited resources readily available for calibration, and yet, they should be able to trust the devices. Neural networks are almost ubiquitous for similar tasks for classical sensors: here we show the applications of this technique to calibrating a quantum photonic sensor. This is based on a set of training data, collected only relying on the available probe states, hence reducing overhead. We found that covering finely the parameter space is key to achieving uncertainties close to their ultimate level. This technique has the potential to become the standard approach to calibrate quantum sensors.

Valeria Cimini, Ilaria Gianani, Nicolò Spagnolo, Fabio Leccese, Fabio Sciarrino, and Marco Barbieri, Phys. Rev. Lett. 123, 230502 (2019).